CAMDOC Alliance

Rue du Trône 194
1050 Brussels

+32 26440020

ECH (European Committee for Homeopathy)

ECPM (European Council of Doctors for Plurality in Medicine)

ICMART (International Council of Medical Acupuncture and Related Techniques)

IVAA (International Federation of Anthroposophic Medical Associations)

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Updated 17.12.15


CAMDOC response to CPME position paper on CAM (pdf)

CAM 2020
The contribution of Complementary and Alternative Medicine to sustainable healthcare in Europe(pdf)

Model Guidelines for the Practice of Complementary Therapies (CAM) by Medical Doctors in the European Union


CAM in Healthcare

-World Health Organization (2002) Safety of Medicines. A guide to detecting and reporting adverse drug reactions: Why health professionals need to take action. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
- World Health Organization (2000) Antibiotic resistance: synthesis of recommendations by expert policy groups. Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics WHO/CDS/CSR/DRS/2001/10
- World Health Organization (2001) Legal Status of Traditional Medicine and Complementary/ Alternative Medicine: A Worldwide Review, Geneva, Switzerland
- World Health Organization (2002) Traditional Medicine Strategy 2002-2005, Geneva, Switzerland
-Astin JA (1998b) A review of the incorporation of Complementary and Alternative Medicine by mainstream physicians. Archives of Internal Medicine. 158: 2303-2310
- Ersdal G, Ramstad S, How are European patients safeguarded when using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)? Jurisdiction, supervision and reimbursement status in the EEA area (EU and EFTA) and Switzerland, CAM-Cancer Project, 28 October 2005; available at: camcancer_legal_report_%28FINAL%29.pdf
- WHO Global Atlas of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine (text volume and map volume). Kobe, Japan, World Health Organization, Centre for Health Development, 2005.
- Lindström B et al (2005) Salutogenesis. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59:440-442
- Astin JA (1998) Why patients use alternative medicine: results of a national study. Journal of the American Medical Association, 279: 1548-1553
- World Health Organization WHO (2004) Guidelines on developing consumer information on proper use of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
- Lindström B et al (2005) Salutogenesis. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health;59;440-442
- Surtees P, Wainwright N, Luben R, Khaw KT, Day N (2003).Sense of coherence and mortality in men and women in the EPIC Norfolk United Kingdom prospective cohort study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 158:1202-1209.
- Rosenman RH. (1997) Do environmental effects on human emotions cause cardiovascular disorders? Acta Physiologica Scandinavica Suppl. 640:133-136.
- Kelner M (2000). The therapeutic relationship under fire. In: Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Challenge and Change edited by Merrijoy Kelner, Beverly Wellman. Harwood Academic Publishers.
National Institutes of Health (NIH) Acupuncture. NIH Consensus Statement Online 1997 Nov 3-5; 15(5):1-34 (available at http:// statement.htm).
- Dantas F Rampes H (2000) Do homeopathic medicines provoke adverse effects? A systematic review. British Homeopathic Journal. 89, Suppl 1:35-38
-Vickers A, Zollman C (1999) ABC of complementary medicine: Herbal medicine British Medical Journal, 319: 1050–1053.
-Ernst E (2004) Challenges for phytopharmacovigilance. Postgraduate Medical Journal 80;249-250
-Fugh-Berman A, Ernst E (2001) Herb-drug interactions: review and assessment of report reliability. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 52:587–595.
-Williamson EM (2003) Drug interactions between herbal and prescription medicines. Drug Safety, 26:1075-1092
- Ernst E (2000). Prevalence of use of complementary/alternative medicine: a systematic review. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 78:252-257.
- Steinsbekk A, Adams J, Sibbritt D, Jacobsen G, Johnsen R (2007) The profiles of adults who consult alternative health practitioners and/or general practitioners. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, 25:86-92
- Harris P, Rees R (2000). The prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine use among the general population: a systematic review of the literature. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 8:88-96.
- Menniti-Ippolito F, Gargiulo L, Bologna E, Forcella E, Raschetti R (2002) Use of unconventional medicine in Italy: a nationwide survey. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 58:61-64.
- Featherstone C, Godden D, Gault C, Emslie M, Took-Zozaya M (2003) Prevalence studyof concurrent use of complementary and alternative medicine in patients attending primary care services in Scotland. American Journal of Public Health, 93:1080-1082
- Wolf U, Maxion-Bergemann S, Bornhöft G, Matthiessen PF, Wolf M (2006). Use of complementary medicine in Switzerland. Forschende Komplementärmedizin, 13 Suppl 2:4-- Hanssen B, Grimsgaard S, Launsø L,Fønnebø V, Falkenberg T, Rasmussen NK (2005) Use of complementary and alternative medicine in the Scandinavian countries. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, 23:57-62.
- Härtel U, Volger E (2004) Inanspruchname und Akzeptanz klassischer Naturheilverfahren und alternativer Heilmethoden in Deutschland - Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Bevölkerungsstudie [Use and acceptance of classical natural and alternative medicine in Germany- findings of a representative population-based survey] Forschende Komplement-ärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde, 11:327-334.
-Thomas KJ, Coleman P (2004) Use of complementary or alternative medicine in a general population in Great Britain. Results from the National Omnibus Survey. Journal of Public Health, 26:152-157.
- Thomas KJ, Nicholl JP, Coleman P (2001). Use and expenditure on complementary medicine in England: a population based survey. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 9:2-11.
- Nilsson M, Trehn G, Asplund K (2001) Use of complementa y and alternative medicine remedies in Sw eden. A population-based longitudinal study within the northern Sweden MONICA Project. Journal of Internal Medicine, 250: 225–233.
- White AR, Resch K-L, Ernst E (1997) Complementary medicine: use and attitudes among GPs. Family practice, 14:302-306.
- Lewith GT, Hyland M, Gray SF (2001). Attitudes to and use of complementary medicine among physicians in the United Kingdom. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 9:167-172.
- van Haselen RA, Reiber U, Nickel I, Jakob A, Fisher PA (2004). Providing Complementary and Alternative Medicine in primary care: the primary care workers’ perspective. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 12:6-16
- Schmidt K, Jacobs PA, Barton A (2002) Cross-cultural differences in GPs’ attitudes towards complementary and alternative medicine: a survey comparing regions of the UK and Germany. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 10:141-147.
- Jobst KA (1998) Toward integrated healthcare: practical and philosophical issues at the heart of the integration of biomedical, complementary, and alternative medicines, Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 4, 122-126
- Kaptchuk TJ, Eisenberg DM (1998) The persuasive appeal of alternative medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, 129, 1061-1065
- Mitzdorf U, Beck K, Horton-Hausnecht J,Weidenhammer W, Kindermann A, Takacs M, Astor G, Melchart D (1999) Why do patients seek treatment in hospitals of complementary medicine? Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 5, 463-473
- Zollman C. Vickers A (1999) ABC of complementary medicine: Complementary medicine and the patient British Medical Journal, 319, 1486–1489.
- Flöistrup H, Swartz J, Bergström A, Alm JS, Scheynius A, van Hage M, Waser M, Braun- Fahrländer C, Schram-Bijkerk D, Huber M, Zutavern A, von Mutius E, Ublagger E, Riedler J, Michaels KB, Pershagen G, The Parsifal Study Group (2006). Allergic disease and sensitization in Steiner school children. Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 117:59-66.
- Baars EW et al (2005) Safety of homeopathic injectables for subcutaneous administration: a documentation of the experience of prescribing practitioners. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine;11:609-616.
- Hamre HJ, Witt CM, Glockmann A, Tröger W, Willich SN, Kiene H (2006) Use and safety of anthroposophic medications in chronic disease: a 2-year prospective analysis. Drug Safety, 29:1173-1189.